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95993333九五至尊 巧记英语语法知识——倒装句

2020-01-11 16:01:04 阅读:3352

95993333九五至尊 巧记英语语法知识——倒装句

95993333九五至尊, 倒装分为全部倒装和部分倒装。将整个谓语置于主语之前叫做全部倒装;只将谓语的一部分(通常是助动词或情态动词)移至主语之前叫做部分倒装,也叫半倒装。

【口诀】

副介开头要倒装,人称代词则如常。

only修饰副介状,位于句首半倒装。

否定意义副连介,表示“也不”也倒装。

not only开头句,前一分句须倒装。

had, were, should虚拟句,省略if半倒装。

so / such置于句首表强调,主句需用半倒装。

【妙语诠释】

1. 副介开头要倒装,人称代词则如常。

在in, out, up, down, away, here, there, in front of等副词或介词短语开头的句子里,用完全倒装。但当主语是人称代词时,句子的语序不变。如:

away went the girl.

here he comes.

on the table stood two cups and a teapot.

2. only修饰副介状,位于句首半倒装。

当only修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句放在句首时,句子需部分倒装。如:

only then did i realize that i was wrong.

only in this way can you improve your listening.

only when the government stops interfering (干涉) will we see any improvement in our schools.

3. 否定意义副连介,表示“也不”须倒装。

含有否定意义的副词、连词或介词短语置于句首时,句子要部分倒装。常见的这类单词或短语有:never, hardly, seldom, nowhere, rarely, not until, by no means, in no way, in no time, in no case等。如:

not until you’ve done your homework can you play now.

neither, nor置于句首表示前面否定的内容也适用于另一人或物时,句子须用倒装,其结构为“neither / nor + be /助动词/情态动词+主语”。如:

he doesn’t like beethoven and neither do i.

—i’ve never been to iceland.

—nor have i.

4. not only开头句,前一分句须倒装。

not only ... but (also) ... 连接两个分句时,若not only置于句首,前一个分句用部分倒装结构。如:

not only did i pay off all my debts, but i still saved some money to build a new house.

5. had, were, should虚拟句,省略if半倒装。

在省略if的虚拟条件句中,如果从句中含有had, were, should时,则将其置于句首。如:

were i you, i wouldn’t let him go.

had i taken enough money yesterday, i would have bought that book.

6. so / such置于句首表强调,主句需用半倒装。

so / such ... that结构中的so, such连同它修饰的成分位于句首时,主句要部分倒装。如:

so loudly did he speak that everyone in the classroom could hear him clearly.

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